ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND EXPERT SYSTEMS
If we try to predict where the future of artificial intelligence technologies may be by looking at the current situation, the reason why scientists see artificial intelligence so important will be better understood. What is “artificial intelligence”? The concept of artificial intelligence, which has permeated almost every aspect of social life even if it is not realized today, arouses curiosity at first. Artificial intelligence; It is defined as the ability of a computer or a computer controlled machine to perform tasks related to higher mental processes such as reasoning, meaning, generalization, and learning from past experiences, which are generally assumed to be human-specific qualities.
The general purpose of artificial intelligence studies is to model the working logic of the human brain and to make groundbreaking developments from every stage of science through these models. Expert systems are one of the most important areas of application where artificial intelligence studies are concentrated. related to expert systems; In practice, the ‘expert system’ and the-knowledge-base-system kullanılabilir can be used interchangeably. It is a high level formation of technically expert system knowledge based systems. An expert system is an interactive system that asks questions, produces answers, and often makes recommendations that help decision-making.
Features of Expert Systems
If the general characteristics of expert systems are listed, the issue will become more understandable.
- They follow a hierarchical approach to problem solving.
-They consist of real rules and relationships rather than numerical data and algorithms.
-Problems when solving and identify the user consult.
-Consulting structure and shape varies according to the information available, problem and question form.
-When requested, they can give intermediate results before reaching the end of the problem solution.
They can explain why they ask a specific question or how they reach a certain result.
- They can cope with certain or incomplete information, or they can reach multiple conclusions.
-In order to solve a real problem, even if the information is not complete, they can give an approximate result.
-They have the ability to explain the results of the problem in a natural language.
-Once installed, they can be easily developed and modified by the user without the need for a programmer.
-Problems are solved, the problem is solved by adding the data to their own knowledge in order to use in later solutions are the most important features.
Application Areas of Expert Systems
The basic structure of an expert system is to deal with regional information, control information and information about a particular problem that is currently solved separately. It is widely used in today's technologies and is used as a practical decision support mechanism. Today, investment consultancy, securities purchase and sale decisions, diagnosis and patient prescribing to patients, planning, scheduling and scheduling in business management, business, engineering, pharmacy, legal and accounting consulting and teaching, building supervision and interior architecture it is possible to come across a different application of expert systems in a field.
The Future of Artificial Intelligence Applications
When we examine the studies about artificial intelligence from past to present, we think that it will not be too pretentious to say that the coming years are pregnant with groundbreaking developments with technologies that will be developed by using artificial intelligence techniques. As a result of the new software techniques that will be discovered as a result of the studies to be made, expert systems and other artificial intelligence applications will be made great strides. Natural language interfaces will become a common feature in many application programs and intelligent databases will be developed. Programs in the symbolic language will use artificial intelligence to make some performance improvements. Expert systems that make recommendations on many important issues will become widespread. In addition, studies on the use of artificial intelligence techniques in law, which has been the subject of discussion in the recent period, will be intensified. As a result of these studies, it will be aimed to have computers equipped with artificial intelligence techniques instead of people in the judicial procedures in the proceedings. In general terms, artificial intelligence applications will find a place in every field of science and in the near future, there will be developments that may lead to the reshaping of the norms of social life.